How do you transport thousands of bottles of soft drinks so they arrive
safely at their destination without any damage? The answer is simple: proper pallet stability.

When a load is unstable, all kinds of things can go wrong. For example when
a driver has to brake suddenly, take a sharp curve or has to swerve, the load
can shift and fall over, or even worse, fall off the truck. With unstable pallets
you run a high risk of damage and consequently loss of value.

The figures do not lie: some four percent of palleted products arrive at
their destination in a damaged condition. Each year, hundreds of millions
of products are rejected in Europe due to damage. And manufacturers have
to write off the goods that become damaged because they were incorrectly
wrapped. So proper pallet stability is an important subject.


Load stability comprises several levels. The pallet itself must meet certain conditions and
the pallets must be packaged. It is also important for the loads to be fixed to the pallet so
that the pallet and the load always form a single unit. In this respect it is also important to
pay attention to aspects such as the type of load and the products to be wrapped. How are
the products packaged? How do you fasten them so that everything stays on the pallet?
Another factor is the means of transport used to convey the load. What is the means of
transport? What kind of supporting equipment is available for this purpose? Things that
come to mind for example include tension belts and anti-slip mats in a truck.

A stable load is important, because a pallet is subjected to significant forces during
transport. In case of an emergency stop, these forces can be as high as 0.8 g. The
g-force also comes into play in sharp turns, and can reach up to 50 percent of the weight.



The best way of achieving pallet stability is by using stretch film. Today, more than 80
percent of the pallet loads in Europe are packaged this way. This, as well as packaging
products in accordance with the EUMOS guidelines, is why stretch films and wrapping
machines have undergone major improvements in recent years.

The EUMOS regulations were introduced in 2014 with the objective of reducing the
number of traffic accidents caused by unstable loads. In 2018, the regulations were
refined and now subject the transport of palleted goods within the EU to even higher
demands. The guidelines specify the forces a load must be able to withstand. Violating
the guidelines can result in high fines.

EUMOS shifts the responsibility for securing a load from the driver to the shipper and
even to the packer. It is difficult for a driver to individually secure a thousand bottles of
soft drinks. It is far easier to secure a clear-cut number of pallet loads. In case of damage,
one of the first questions often asked is whether the bottles could stay upright in the
first place.

Many packers, and increasingly more often the producers of the load, opt for highquality
stretch film with well-documented mechanical properties. They adjust their
wrapping machines on the basis of these properties and have their pallet load stability
certified in accordance with the EUMOS guidelines.



This means that the role of wrapping film is becoming increasingly more important. The
film must have high tear resistance, so that the film does not break during the pallet
wrapping process, and also does not break due to sharp edges or corners. In addition, the
film must prevent pressure-sensitive loads from being compressed during the wrapping

This is even more important, because nowadays companies often make the primary
and secondary packaging even thinner. This causes the fundamental strength of the
packaging system to decrease, which in turn increases the chance of damage. While
this does not seem very sensible, it is nevertheless understandable. Retailers want to
reduce the inconvenience caused by packaging to a minimum because it slows down the
shelf restocking process. One consequence of this is that shrink wrap is no longer used.
However, this also means that bottles and jars can move separately. To then prevent
the products from breaking, the presence and quality of the tertiary packaging, such as
wrapping film, becomes even more important.

While stretch film is not the most essential element, it often is a company’s last effort to
ensure the safe transport of its product. And with the right stretch film, the load sits stable
on the pallet. That means less damage and products that arrive safely and on time at their
That means less damage and products that arrive safely and on time at their destination. If you would like to know how we can help you with proper pallet stability, then please contact us.